Chapter 18: SWOT Analysis of Education for Environmental Citizenship in ROMANIA
Rareș Hălbac-Cotoară-Zamfir & Cristina Hălbac-Cotoară-Zamfir
Abstract: Education for Environmental Citizenship is a very new concept for Romania. Based on the experts’ evaluations from the educational sector, this concept is complex enough to include all the other types of education and should be approached from an early age. Meanwhile, Education for Environmental Citizenship is also perceived to be built around the key term ‘environment’, this being the binder between several types of education. However, its uniqueness – what lies from its complexity and ability to include all the other types of education – will have to overrun the conservative main feature of Romanian education system, this being a ‘sine qua non’ condition for a successful implementation. Unfortunately, the conservative educational system in Romania is a major weakness in implementing this Education for Environmental Citizenship concept. This chapter also approaches several opportunities and threats regarding Education for Environmental Citizenship implementation in Romania, emphasising the important role of social media, high quality projects, and the lack of support from different Governmental levels. A successful implementation of Education for Environmental Citizenship in Romania can be approached through a start-up process at primary education level using non-formal education techniques.