Chapter 19: Short Country Report SERBIA
Mirjana Lenhrdt, Marija Smederevac-Lalić & Vesela Radović
Abstract: Environmental Education (EE) was established in Serbia at the beginning of the twentieth century. The oath for those pupils attending second grade of elementary school in 1914 was: “I swear that I will not destroy the trees, and treat flowers badly”. From that time on wards, EE was integrated into various subjects of the curriculum and has existed in different kinds of education. There are a lot of challenges caused with dated and faulty technology, uncontrolled traffic, and other harmful influences that noticeably disturb the natural balance and harm the environment. This imposes a need for long life education so that the environment can be protected. A survey of where ecology is placed in educational system in Serbia, from the compulsory to university education, was conducted for this paper. The school subjects that do have ecology are mentioned. Since ecology is not a special subject in compulsory education, we gave an overview of the school subjects and activities in which the ecological contents are studied. The subjects in high school education that have ecological contents are reviewed according to areas of work and specific educational profiles. A review of university education where ecology has a significant place is also provided. As a conclusion of this survey we observed that the environmental education was included in the educational agenda in different forms for more than century but it never took the importance to be leading subject and terminology of EE and ESD, SE and CE was not clearly differentiated. The whole concept of EEC is not established and understood well in Serbia but it has a potential especially aspiring to become a member of EU.