Chapter 3: Country Report BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Mirjana Zabic & Gekic Haris
Abstract: SWOT analysis of the Education for Environmental Citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina has shown that this type of education would be very beneficial in terms of raising awareness about the environmental issues and connecting it with responsible citizenship and the fair distribution of goods. If embedded in the educational system, Education for Environmental Citizenship would have an opportunity to make a change in society by teaching students how to actively participate in policy making in all areas of their lives, while caring for the environment. As a part of formal and non-formal education, Education for Environmental Citizenship would have the potential to reach out to people regardless of the age groups and sectors. As Citizen Education (CE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) are not officially introduced into the educational system in B&H, Education for Environmental Citizenship could fill the gap because it is a broader form of education and in a way it encompasses these types of education. The main obstacles in implementation of Education for Environmental Citizenship programmes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the passivity of citizens towards the environmental issues and the overbearing bureaucracy. The introduction of Environmental Citizenship into formal and non-formal educational system would require serious persistence. But once introduced with motivated teachers, new learning materials designed for Education for Environmental Citizenship and with the help of modern technologies used as powerful teaching tools, Education for Environmental Citizenship could certainly make a positive impact in Bosnia and Herzegovina.